Blackjack Rules You Need to Know

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Blackjack, the most widely played casino table game in the world, is the American member of a global family of banking games known as Twenty One (21).

It is a comparing card game between one or more players and a dealer, where each player in turn competes against the dealer. Blackjack is played with one or more decks.

Basic Rules

Here are some basic rules you need know, whether you’re an upstart or a veteran in this game live or online.

Know the card values to know how to play 21. Cards 2-10 are worth the value of the number on the face of the card. Face cards (those with pictures on them) are worth 10, except for the Ace which is worth 1 or 11. A picture combined with an Ace is Blackjack or a value of 21.

The most important rule is beat the dealer’s hand without going over 21. Whether you are at a land-based casino or playing online, the gambling table is always laid out the same way

When you play the house, you play against the casino. Which is represented by the dealer who deals one card face up to each player, from left to right, with the last card going to the house’s hand which is face down. The dealer will then deal one card facing up to each player and then the house.

Players are allowed to draw additional cards to improve their hands. A hand with and ace valued 11 is called “soft’’ meaning the hand will not bust by taking another card. The value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding 21. The hand s called ‘’hard.’’

Once all players have completed their hands, it is the dealer’s turn. His hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks. The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.

At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay. You are betting that you have a better hand than the dealer. The better hand is the hand where the sum of the card values is closer to 21 without exceeding 21.

The detailed of the hand are as follows: 1. If the player is dealt an Ace and a 10-value card (blackjack or natural), and the dealer does not, the player wins and usually gets a bonus, 2. If the player exceeds a sum of 21 (busts); the player loses, even if the dealer also exceeds 21, 3. If the dealer exceeds 21 (busts) and the player does not, the player wins, 4. If the player attains a final sum higher than the dealer and does not bust, the player wins, and 5. If both dealer and player receive a blackjack or any other hands with the same sum called a “push’’, no one wins.

Blackjack, which inspired other casino games like Spanish 21 and pontoon, has over 100 rule variations. This game has been targeted by advantage players or card counters. In response, casinos have applied counter-measures that can increase the difficulty of advantage play.

Blackjack games almost always provide a side bet called insurance which may be played when dealer’s up card is an ace. Sometimes available are additional side bets like the “dealer’s match’’ which pays hen the player’s cards match the dealer’s up card.

After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options which have corresponding hand signal.  They are: 1. Hit (Take another card from the dealer), 2. Stand (take no more cards; also called “stand pat,’’ “stick,’’ or “stay’’, 3. Double Down (The player is allowed to increase the initial bet up to 100% in exchange for committing to stand after receiving exactly one more card), and 4. Split (If the first two cards of a hand have the same value., the player can split them into two hands, by moving a second bet equal to the first into an area  outside the betting box),

Others have a fifth option called “surrender.’’ This is only available as first decision of a hand. Some games offer the option to surrender directly after the dealer has checked for blackjack. Many players view the early surrender as more favourable, especially if the dealer is showing an ace.


If the dealer’s up card (the card that is showing) is an ace, you are allowed to make an “insurance’’ bet. This is a side bet that the dealer has a 10-value card as down card, giving the dealer a Blackjack.

Bonus Payouts

As soon as a player is dealt a winning hand, the house pays out immediately. The only time a player will not get an immediate payout on blackjack 21 is when the dealer’s face-up card is an ace, or any card worth 10 points.

Split Rules

If you are dealt two cards with the same blackjack card value, the rules say you may “split’’ them into two separate hands by placing another bet equal to your initial bet.

You should split your eights or 16 because it increases your chances of getting two hands of 18.

Double Down

This play allows you to double your bet after the initial bet but you only get one more card. If hat added card is enough to beat the dealer’s hand, you win double the amount of cash. If you do not beat the dealer’s hand, you could lose double your initial bet.

Reputable online blackjack casinos should make the rules available before you enter a table. There is usually a button you can press to get a refresher if needed.

Do not deposit real money into your player’s account until you can verify that the casino’s rules are visible at all times and fair to players.


Playing blackjack at live casinos online is fun and exciting.

No matter what blackjack rules your favourite land-based and online casinos use, you can adapt your game to the rules and get a better chance of gaining more wins.